A former Nazi concentration camp secretary who allegedly helped murder 11,412 people is set to walk free.
The public prosecutor has asked that the 97-year-old Stutthof concentration camp secretary be sentenced to two years of probation despite being convinced that the defendant is guilty of complicity in over 11,000 cases of murder.
Prosecutor Maxi Wantzen said at the Itzehoe District Court in Germany on Tuesday, 22nd November, that she was convinced that the defendant was guilty of being complicit in the murders.
In a case that may be the last of its kind, Wantzen said: “This procedure is of outstanding historical importance.”
Irmgard Furchner, 97, worked from June 1943 to April 1945 at the age of 18 to 19 as a civilian employee in the headquarters of the concentration camp near Danzig.
The prosecution alleges that her paperwork ensured that the death camp could continue to operate.
They argue that she was an important support for the camp commandant and his adjutants.
The defendant, meanwhile, has never commented on the allegations against her in the trial, which has been going on for over a year.
In a recent twist, the presiding judge, Dominik Gross, had rejected a request by the defence’s lawyer Wolf Molkentin that the expertise provided by historian Stefan Hoerdler be rejected on grounds of a lack of impartiality.
Wantzen had largely based her plea on Hoerdler’s statements on the organisation of concentration camps and the role of typists in the commandant’s offices.
Irmgard Furchner, as the commandant’s only secretary, will have known about the hostile conditions in the camp and about the murders, according to the prosecution.
From her office on the first floor of the headquarters building, she was able to see large parts of the camp, including a place where new prisoners arrived and were selected.
The court was made aware of the circumstances during an on-site visit to the concentration camp, which is now a memorial.
Irmgard Furchner also allegedly saw and smelled the almost constant smoke from the burning of the corpses in the crematorium and on a pyre, Wantzen said.
She considers it “completely unrealistic” that she could have missed it.
The prosecution alleges that at least 300 prisoners in the camp were shot while almost 1,100 were murdered with gas and more than 9,000 died from hostile conditions such as malnutrition.
Starving prisoners at the Nazi death camp ate the body parts of dead inmates to stay alive, according to the testimony of a survivor of the Holocaust. The claims shocked the court.
Starving prisoners at a Nazi death camp ate the body parts of dead inmates to stay alive, a holocaust survivor has told a shocked trial.
Prisoners turned to cannibalism on a daily basis, often butchering corpses for their livers, the German court heard.
The shocking testimony came in the ongoing trial of 97-year-old Irmgard Furchner, a former secretary at the SS-run Stutthof concentration camp during World War II.
One survivor – Risa Silbert, 93 – told the trial on 30th August that cannibalism was commonplace among starving prisoners.
Speaking via video link from Australia, she told the Itzehoe district court in Schleswig-Holstein state: “Stutthof was hell.
“We had cannibalism in the camp. People were hungry and they cut up the corpses and they wanted to take out the liver.”
Silbert – born to a Jewish family in Klaipeda, a port city in Lithuania, in 1929 – added: “It was every day.”
In her grim testimony, she told how her father and brother were murdered by German collaborators in Kaunas – a city in her homeland – in 1941.
She was put in a ghetto with her mother and sister before being taken to Stutthof in August 1944.
Every morning, the prisoners had to report at 4am or 5am. Those who could not stand still were whipped mercilessly by the SS guards.
She told the court: “None of us were addressed by that name. We were just called ‘bastards’.”
Silbert was 15 when she and her older sister hid from the SS guards under corpses, she said.
Because of a typhoid epidemic, dead bodies were lying everywhere in the camp.
Russian prisoners of war had been ordered to clear up the bodies but left her and her sister lying there.
Silbert told the court that prisoners simply disappeared all the time and were never seen again.
Her mother had died of typhus in January 1945 and in mid-April 1945 – while Germany was in retreat – the prisoners were made to march to Danzig before being taken across the Baltic Sea to Holstein in barges.
In the town of Neustadt, they were finally freed by British soldiers, on 3rd May. She reportedly still has scars from the beatings in the camp.
Accused Furchner is said to have aided in the systematic murder of more than 11,000 prisoners at the camp, where she worked from June 1943 to April 1945.
She has claimed that despite working in the camp’s command block, she knew nothing of its murderous regime.
But it has been revealed during her trial that her husband – who was a Nazi SS soldier during World War II – testified in 1954 that he was aware that people had been gassed at the concentration camp.
This is according to historian Stefan Hoerdler, who has spoken on numerous occasions during the ongoing trial.
He said the defendant hid SS soldiers in her apartment after the war, including the concentration camp commander, Paul Werner Hoppe.
Hoppe was jailed for just nine years in the 1950s for being an accessory to murder.
Another statement from another former unnamed SS officer from 1974, states that he had observed six cases in which men and women were forced into railway carriages.
Then another SS officer dressed as a railway worker climbed onto the roof and poured something into the wagon.
Hoerdler said that the witness had said at the time that he had only found out later that the people in the train car had been gassed to death.
Furchner claims in her defence that she had no knowledge of the mass killings despite, in her job as secretary to the camp commander, reporting directly to the SS.
Furchner was expected to appear at the Itzehoe Regional Court in September last year, but the trial was suspended after she went on the run.
In an earlier letter, she had claimed she was not fit to stand trial.
She said: “Due to my age and physical limitations, I will not attend the court dates and ask the defence attorney to represent me.
“I would like to spare myself these embarrassments and not make myself the mockery of humanity.”
In her escape bid, Furchner left her retirement home in Quickborn, Hamburg, jumped in a taxi and disappeared.
Police arrested her just hours later and held her in custody for five days. It was not revealed where she had gone.
The Stutthof concentration camp was established by Nazi Germany near the village of the same name, now called Sztutowo and located in Poland’s Pomeranian Voivodeship, on 2nd September 1939.
It soon developed into a huge complex of 40 sub-camps across several locations.
Up to 110,000 people were deported there until its liberation by the Allies in May 1945.
The trial’s ongoing date is 29th November, which is set to see the co-plaintiffs plead their case.
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